Accounting and Control

Accounting Conservatism and Corporate Governance

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We predict that firms with stronger corporate governance will exhibit a higher degree of accounting conservatism. Governance level is assessed using a composite measure that incorporates several internal and external characteristics. Consistent with our prediction, strong governance firms show significantly higher levels of conditional accounting conservatism. Our tests take into account the endogenous nature of corporate governance and the results are robust to the use of several measures of conservatism (market-based and nonmarket-based). Our evidence is consistent with the direction of causality flowing from governance to conservatism, but not vice versa, indicating that governance and conservatism are not substitutes. Finally, we study the impact of earnings discretion on the sensitivity of earnings to bad news across governance structures. We find that, on average, strong-governance firms appear to use discretionary accruals to inform investors about bad news in a timelier manner.
Bibliographic citation: García, J.M.; García, B.; Peñalva, Fernando, "Accounting Conservatism and Corporate Governance", Review of Accounting Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2009, pp 161 - 201

Reference: 10.1007/s11142-007-9060-1 (DOI)
Date: 03/2009
Author(s): García, J.M.; García, B.; Peñalva, Fernando
Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)
Languages: English