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  Can Elephants Learn to Dance? Unlocking Organizational Agility in Large Companies 

Prats, Mª Julia; Siota, Josemaria; Gillespie, David; Singleton, Nicholas
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Innovation units are on the rise: In a new study of large companies, 70 percent of executives surveyed said they were increasing investment in these units, 60 percent of which were created in the past five years. Within established companies, from Google to Nissan, these units are tasked with scouting the next trends and generating novel ideas, products and models.

So far, so good. But there is another trend, running in parallel: high-profile companies -- such as Coca-Cola, Ogilvy Group and the New York Times -- are quietly closing the costly innovation units they had so recently established. Over the past five years, high investment in these types of units has produced some new products and initiatives. But relatively few innovations get scaled across the entire organization -- and even fewer contribute significantly to the business overall. Clearly, something is not working.

The authors of a new white paper ask why this is so. IESE's Mª Julia Prats and Josemaria Siota, working with the consultancy Oliver Wyman's David Gillespie and Nicholas Singleton, analyze the topic and survey executives at 29 large companies in various industries to better understand the challenges organizations face in adopting their innovations. And their common answer? It's all about organizational agility. Many large companies simply do not have the right balance between efficiency and agility. As a result, they are not flexible enough to incorporate innovations in a timely way.

Agility Advantages
So, how important is agility to surveyed executives? Nearly 90 percent said agility was "highly" important to the future success of their companies, and 96 percent indicated that they needed to become more agile in the future. Note that an oft-cited MIT analysis found that agile companies grow revenue 37 percent faster and generate 30 percent higher profits than non-agile companies.

If it's clear that organizational agility is important, why don't more companies have it?

The authors summarize that agile companies must be able to move in new directions rapidly, adapting to new information. Importantly, agile companies execute at this pace without having to radically overhaul the existing structures and practices. The authors list the three main capabilities required:

  • Sensing: Being able to detect, identify and develop opportunities as they emerge in relation to customer needs

  • Securing: Being able to mobilize and/or get hold of resources from across different levels of the organization to exploit these new opportunities

  • Shifting: Being prepared to adopt new practices, without incurring huge internal costs of change.

Agile Innovation
Companies know that innovation units are one way of increasing agility and design them to break out from existing business models to explore new, competing ways of working. But for these innovation units to be effective, companies must learn how to incorporate the changes they come up with.

Here it's helpful to drill down to the authors' survey results. We mentioned that 70 percent of the executives surveyed were increasing investment in their innovation units, but just 23 percent said their investments had delivered a significant innovation so far -- defined as one that accounts for at least 10 percent of revenues.

Obstacles to Innovation
What's going awry? Surveyed executives described several major factors that contributed to poor adoption of innovations in their companies, summarized below:

Q: What do you believe are the top three reasons innovation units fail to get their initiatives adopted by the company?
(Here, the top five answers, by priority)


Source: Authors' report, p. 13.

Best Practices
To summarize the agile organization's best practices, the authors present the following table:


They conclude that sensing opportunities, securing the right resources and shifting the organization, as required, are three crucial sets of actions to ensure that investments in innovation units really work.

Methodology, Very Briefly
The authors surveyed Chief Innovation Officers and related roles at 29 large companies across 11 industries and four countries. They combine survey insights with an analysis of previous publications on business innovation and agility in order to help explain why innovation fails -- and to suggest how companies can avoid common traps and increase agility for successful innovation. The white paper is a co-production of IESE's Entrepreneurship and Innovation Center and the consultancy Oliver Wyman.
This article is based on:  Organizational agility
Publisher:  IESE; Oliver Wyman
Year:  2018
Language:  English

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