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Remaining a Competitive Force

Date: 13/12/2016
Author(s): Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Opinion

Twenty-five years ago, Harvard Business School professor Michael Porter first came to IESE to deliver a session on international competitiveness, a subject on which he is an authority. For more than three decades, Porter's books have shaped the way we think about business strategy. In a field prone to passing fads, his ideas have staying power.

Bribery and Investment: Firm-Level Evidence from Africa and Latin America

Date: 09/2016
Author(s): Birhanu, Addis; Gambardella, Alfonso; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

Using a unique database that measures firm-level bribery in Africa and Latin America, we corroborate extant results in the literature that paying bribes deters firm investments in fixed assets. Our contribution is to explore four mechanisms. By adopting a reverse causality approach (Gelman and Imbens, 2013), we find evidence consistent with one of ...

Open Innovation: Are Inbound And Outbound Knowledge Flows Really Complementary?

Date: 06/2016
Author(s): Cassiman, Bruno; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

One novel implication of the open innovation paradigm is that inflows and outflows of knowledge are complementary. We argue that engaging simultaneously in buying and selling knowledge should allow firms to increase innovation outcomes. At the same time, we identify some of the relevant costs (cognitive, transaction, and organizational costs) that ...

Technology Complexity and Target Selection

Date: 04/2015
Author(s): Mas, Núria; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

This article examines the role of technology in the selection of targets in a merger. Held technology should have a notable impact, especially in contexts in which specific know-how resides with experts as well as within organizational routines that are difficult to reproduce. By acquiring a target, firms obtain novel technologies, along with the knowledge ...

Strategic Incentives to Human Capital

Date: 01/01/2015
Author(s): Gambardella, Alfonso; Panico, Claudio; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

Motivating human capital in knowledge-intensive activities is a serious managerial challenge because it is difficult to link rewards to actions or performance. Firms instead might motivate knowledge workers by offering them opportunities to increase personal benefits (e.g., learning, satisfaction) through autonomy in the decision-making process. Our ...

The Rejuvenation of Inventors through Corporate Spin-Outs

Date: 11/2014
Author(s): Cirillo, Bruno; Brusoni, S.; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

This article focuses on corporate spinouts as a strategy that can rejuvenate the inventive efforts of inventors with a long tenure in the same company. We rely on an unbalanced panel of 5,604 inventor-year observations to study a matched sample of 431 inventors employed by the Xerox Corporation and find evidence in support of three predictions. First, ...

Selective Learning-by-Exporting: Firm Size and Product Versus Process Innovation

Date: 01/08/2014
Author(s): Golovko, Elena; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

We further examine the 'learning-by-exporting' phenomenon, suggesting that firms gain from the learning opportunity of foreign markets, as they make choices that better fit the specific needs of their innovation strategies. We contend that firm size affects these needs, with large firms being more inclined to pursue process innovations, while SMEs ...

M&A and the Profile of Inventive Activity

Date: 01/11/2012
Author(s): Valentini, Giovanni; Di Guardo. M.C.

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

This article examines the effect of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) on the profile of merging firms' inventive activity. The authors conceive of the inventive process as a recombinant search, whose outcome can be characterized along two complementary dimensions, which define its profile: its depth of impact on subsequent inventions, and its breadth ...

Measuring the Effect of M&A on Patenting Quantity and Quality

Date: 01/03/2012
Author(s): Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

I explore the effect of M&A on the patenting quantity and quality of the firms involved in a deal. Three measures of quality are considered: impact, generality, and originality. The impact of a patent denotes its influence on future inventions. Generality refers to a patent's applicability across technological fields. Finally, the originality of a ...

Exploring the Complementarity between Innovation and Export for SMEs' Growth

Date: 01/04/2011
Author(s): Golovko, Elena; Valentini, Giovanni

Document type: Article in Journal (refereed)

In this paper, we advance and test the idea that innovation and export are complementary strategies for SMEs' growth. We argue that innovation and export positively reinforce each other in a dynamic virtuous circle, and we identify and describe the process through which this complementarity relationship takes place. Participating in export markets ...

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